Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase (MSK) 1 is an important regulator of immune response and mitogenic signaling. In this study, we report for the first time that MSK1 was activated by the osteoclast differentiation factor receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) in osteoclast precursor cells. Inhibition of upstream kinases ERK1/2 and p38, but not JNK, suppressed MSK activation upon RANKL stimulation. An MSK1 inhibitor efficiently prevented the induction of c-Fos and NFATc1 and CREB phosphorylation by RANKL. Inhibition of MSK1 also successfully blocked RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. MSK knockdown with small interfering RNA significantly inhibited osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. MSK1 did not affect osteoclast survival. The induction of c-Fos and NFATc1 and the phosphorylation of CREB and ATF2 were also inhibited by MSK1 knockdown. Moreover, knockdown of MSK1 significantly blocked recruitment of c-Fos to the NFATc1 promoter upon RANKL stimulation. Therefore, NFATc1-inducible osteoclast-specific genes were downregulated by MSK1 blockade. NFATc1 retrovirus transduction almost completely rescued the differentiation defect of MSK1-silenced cells. In vivo knockdown of MSK1 reduced RANKL-induced bone resorption as well as osteoclast formation. Thus, our results suggested that MSK1 is an important novel molecule involved in RANKL signaling and osteoclast differentiation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Medicine|
|State||Published - Aug 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery