Mixed incontinence is more bothersome than pure incontinence subtypes

Yashika Dooley*, Lior Lowenstein, Kimberly Kenton, Mary Pat FitzGerald, Linda Brubaker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


The purpose of the study was to compare incontinence bother in women with mixed incontinence versus pure incontinence subtypes. This is an institutional review board-approved study comparing physical exam findings and responses to the Medical Epidemiologic and Social Aspects of Aging (MESA) questionnaire and the Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI-6). The MESA responses were used to classify women as mixed, pure stress, or pure urge incontinence. This analysis includes 551 women with a mean age of 56 ± 16 years. Most women were Caucasian (86%) with 7% African American and 5% Hispanic. UDI scores were significantly higher in women with mixed incontinence (61 ± 23) than those with pure stress incontinence (40 ± 26) or pure urge incontinence (40 ± 25; p < 0.0001). Women with mixed incontinence report greater incontinence bother than women with either pure stress or urge incontinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1359-1362
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2008


  • Bother
  • Mixed incontinence
  • Quality of life
  • Stress incontinence
  • Urge incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology


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