Mixing methods: A multistage strategy for studying patriotism and citizen participation

Elizabeth Theiss-morse*, Amy Fried, John L. Sullivan, Mary Dietz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


We propose a methodological strategy that addresses some of the widespread criticisms of survey research. Traditional survey research has, to a great extent, neglected the role of contested concepts in politics and respondents' subjectivity. Our mix of methods-including conceptual analysis, Q-methodology, and survey research-enables us to measure people's subjective understandings of contested concepts while allowing us to reap the benefits of survey research. In two case studies, one on patriotism and the other on participatory citizenship, we demonstrate that the mixed method more accu rately measures respondents' subjectivity and leads to greater predictive abil ity through more accurate measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-121
Number of pages33
JournalPolitical Analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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