Four diamine adducts of bis(hexafluoroacetylacetonato)zinc [Zn(hfa) 2·(diamine)] can be synthesized in a single-step reaction. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal monomeric, six-coordinate structures. The thermal stabilities and vapor phase transport properties of these new complexes are considerably greater than those of conventional solid zinc metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) precursors. One of the complexes in the series, bis(1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentadionato)-(N, N′-diethylethylenediamine)zinc, is particularly effective in the growth of thin films of the transparent conducting oxide Zn-In-Sn-O (ZITO) because of its superior volatility and low melting point of 64°C. ZITO thin films with In contents ranging from 40 to 70 cation % (a metastable phase) were grown by low-pressure MOCVD. These films exhibit conductivity as high as 2900 S/cm and optical transparency comparable to or greater than that of commercial Sn-doped indium oxide (ITO) films. ZITO films with the nominal composition of ZnIn 2.0Sn1.5Oz were used in fabrication of polymer light-emitting diodes. These devices exhibit light outputs and current efficiencies almost 70% greater than those of ITO-based control devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry