The active form of aconitase has a diamagnetic [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster. A specific iron ion (Fea, which is lost during inactivation) is the binding site for substrate, as shown by Mössbauer spectroscopy. We have studied the mode of substrate and analogue binding at equilibrium to the paramagnetic [4Fe-4S]+ cluster of the reduced active form by 17O and 13C electron-nuclear double resonance spectroscopy with specifically labeled substrates. The data show that with substrate, only the carboxyl at C-2 of the propane backbone is strongly bound in addition to H2O or OH- (HxO) from the solvent, whereas in an isocitrate analogue that has a nitro group at C-2, the carboxyl and hydroxyl at C-1 are bound along with solvent HxO. We conclude from these data that, on addition of any one of the three substrates, cis-aconitate is the predominant species bound to Fea of the cluster along with solvent HxO and that cis-aconitate is bound in the citrate mode (carboxyl at C-2). The results with the nitro analogue show that the enzyme can also bind a substrate-like ligand to the cluster in the alternative isocitrate mode (carboxyl at C-1), as is implicit in models proposed for the aconitase reaction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 1987|
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