Modeling, analysis, and application of leakage induced damping effect for power supply integrity

Jie Gu*, John Keane, Chris H. Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Leakage power is becoming the dominant component of chip power consumption with continued CMOS scaling. An important but commonly unnoticed fact is that leaky transistors act as resistors that help dampen the mid-frequency power supply noise. This paper focuses on the damping effect of various on-chip current components including the leakage current which becomes significant in scaled technologies. By developing physics-based damping models for active and leakage currents, we show that leakage, particularly gate tunneling leakage, provides more damping than strong-inversion current. The proposed models were validated in a 32-nm predictive CMOS technology under processvoltagetemperature (PVT) variations. Examples on large circuits such as SRAM caches are shown to illustrate the application of the proposed model. Simulation results show that the leakage induced damping effect can compensate the speed degradation at high temperatures by 7% or offer 61% saving in decap area and leakage power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4703195
Pages (from-to)128-136
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Circuit modeling
  • Integrated circuit (IC) design
  • Leakage currents
  • Power supply noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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