Modeling and numerical simulation of particulate flows by the Eulerian-Lagrangian approach

N. A. Patankar*, D. D. Joseph

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

288 Scopus citations


In this paper we present an Eulerian-Lagrangian numerical simulation (LNS) scheme for particulate flows. The overall algorithm in the present approach is a variation of the scheme presented earlier. In this numerical scheme we solve the fluid phase continuity and momentum equations on an Eulerian grid. The particle motion is governed by Newton's law thus following the Lagrangian approach. Momentum exchange from the particle to fluid is modeled in the fluid phase momentum equation. Forces acting on the particles include drag from the fluid, body force and the interparticle force that prevents the particle volume fraction from exceeding the close-packing limit. There is freedom to use different models for these forces and to introduce other forces. In this paper we have used two types of interparticle forces. The effect of viscous stresses are included in the fluid phase equations. The volume fraction of the particles appear in the fluid phase continuity and momentum equations. The fluid and particle momentum equations are coupled in the solution procedure unlike an earlier approach. A finite volume method is used to solve these equations on an Eulerian grid. Particle positions are updated explicitly. This numerical scheme can handle a range of particle loadings and particle types. We solve the fluid phase continuity and momentum equations using a Chorin-type fractional-step method. The numerical scheme is verified by comparing results with test cases and experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1659-1684
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2001


  • Bimodal sedimentation
  • Chorin scheme
  • Eulerian-Lagrangian numerical simulation (LNS)
  • Fractional-step method
  • Gas-solid and liquid-solid fluidization
  • Inclined sedimentation
  • Multiphase particle-cell (MP-PIC) method
  • Non-staggered grid
  • Particulate flows
  • Two-phase flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Modeling and numerical simulation of particulate flows by the Eulerian-Lagrangian approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this