Modeling dam break behavior over a wet bed by a SPH technique

A. J.C. Crespo, M. Gómez-Gesteira, R. A. Dalrymple*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dam break evolution over dry and wet beds is analyzed with a smoothed particle hydrodynamics model. The model is shown to accurately fit both experimental dam break profiles and the measured velocities. In addition, the model allows one to study different propagation regimes during the dam break evolution. In particular, different dissipation mechanisms were identified: bottom friction and wave breaking. Although breaking dominates over wet beds at the beginning of the movement, bottom friction becomes the main dissipation mechanism in the long run.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-320
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Volume134
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2008

Keywords

  • Dam failure
  • Fluid flow
  • Laboratory tests
  • Numerical models
  • Water waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

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