Modeling of cutting forces in micro end-milling

Yanjie Yuan, Xiubing Jing*, Kornel F. Ehmann, Jian Cao, Huaizhong Li, Dawei Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Accurate modeling and prediction of cutting forces are important for process planning and optimization in micro end-milling process. In order to exactly predict the cutting forces, an innovative uncut chip thickness algorithm is proposed by considering the combination of the exact trochoidal trajectory of the tool tip and the cutting trajectory of all previously passing teeth, tool run-out, minimum chip thickness and the material's elastic recovery. The proposed uncut chip thickness algorithm also considers the variation of the entry and exit angles caused by tool run-out. To determine the cutting force coefficients, a finite element model (FEM) of orthogonal micro-cutting that considers strain hardening, strain rate sensitivity, thermal softening behavior, and temperature-dependent flow has been established. Based on the results from FEM analysis, the cutting force coefficients are identified and represented by a nonlinear equation of the uncut chip thickness, cutting edge radius and cutting velocity. The identified cutting force coefficients are integrated into a mechanistic cutting force model and used to simulate micro end-milling forces. The simulation results show a very satisfactory agreement with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)844-858
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Processes
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Chip thickness
  • Cutting force coefficients
  • Cutting forces
  • Finite element analysis
  • Micro end-milling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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