Modelling of the physiological response of the brain to ischaemic stroke

Piotr Orlowski*, David O'Neill, Vicente Grau, Yiannis Ventikos, Stephen Payne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Identification of salvageable brain tissue is a major challenge when planning the treatment of ischaemic stroke. As the standard technique used in this context, the perfusion-diffusion mismatch, has not shown total accuracy, there is an ongoing search for new imaging protocols that could better identify the region of the brain at risk and for new physiological models that could, on the one hand, incorporate the imaged parameters and predict the evolution of the condition for the individual, and, on the other hand, identify future biomarkers and thus suggest new directions for the design of imaging protocols. Recently, models of cellular metabolism after stroke and blood-brain barrier transport at tissue level have been introduced. We now extend these results by developing a model of the propagation of key metabolites in the brain's extracellular space owing to stroke-related oedema and chemical concentration gradients between the ischaemic and normal brain.We also couple the resulting chemical changes in the extracellular space with cellular metabolism. Our work enables the first patient-specific simulations of stroke progression with finite volume models to be made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInterface Focus
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2013

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Ischaemia
  • Oedema
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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