TY - GEN

T1 - Models for nonlinear water waves on shear currents

AU - Dalrymple, Robert Anthony

PY - 1974/1/1

Y1 - 1974/1/1

N2 - In offshore design, currents must be included in the wave force design procedure as they always are present due to the actions of the wind, tidal forces, and oceanic circulation. The neglect of these currents can result in the under-design of a structure; for instance, if the maximum velocity under a design wave is 16 fps, the inclusion of a 2 fps current component will increase the drag force by 25%. A 3 fps current component will increase the drag force by over 40%. However, most wave force design procedures neglect the current, use a constant current over depth, or, as used by Hall (1972), superimpose current profiles over the wave velocity field generated in the absence of a current. In this paper, two wave models are provided for the computer generation of a design (symmetric) wave of given height, H, wave period, T, in a known water depth, h, which propagates on an ambient current which has a velocity profile over depth describable by two or three straight lines. These are the linear and the bilinear shear current models, respectively. These models represent an extension of the Stream Function wave theory described by Dean (1965), which generates a wave propagating on a current with a velocity profile which is constant in magnitude over the depth of the water. These extended models, which include more realistically the shape of the current profile, offer the design engineer a better capability to input accurate current data into the design procedures. As an example of the fits of the two current representations to a reasonable current velocity profile, Figure 1 is presented. One further advantage of these models is that they converge directly on a desired wave height.

AB - In offshore design, currents must be included in the wave force design procedure as they always are present due to the actions of the wind, tidal forces, and oceanic circulation. The neglect of these currents can result in the under-design of a structure; for instance, if the maximum velocity under a design wave is 16 fps, the inclusion of a 2 fps current component will increase the drag force by 25%. A 3 fps current component will increase the drag force by over 40%. However, most wave force design procedures neglect the current, use a constant current over depth, or, as used by Hall (1972), superimpose current profiles over the wave velocity field generated in the absence of a current. In this paper, two wave models are provided for the computer generation of a design (symmetric) wave of given height, H, wave period, T, in a known water depth, h, which propagates on an ambient current which has a velocity profile over depth describable by two or three straight lines. These are the linear and the bilinear shear current models, respectively. These models represent an extension of the Stream Function wave theory described by Dean (1965), which generates a wave propagating on a current with a velocity profile which is constant in magnitude over the depth of the water. These extended models, which include more realistically the shape of the current profile, offer the design engineer a better capability to input accurate current data into the design procedures. As an example of the fits of the two current representations to a reasonable current velocity profile, Figure 1 is presented. One further advantage of these models is that they converge directly on a desired wave height.

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U2 - 10.4043/2114-ms

DO - 10.4043/2114-ms

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85059196486

T3 - Proceedings of the Annual Offshore Technology Conference

SP - 843

EP - 850

BT - Offshore Technology Conference, OTC 1974

PB - Offshore Technology Conference

T2 - 6th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, OTC 1974

Y2 - 6 May 1974 through 8 May 1974

ER -