Modern Contraception in Men and Women

Edward J. Stanford*, Timothy J. Ramsden, Lee P. Shulman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter presents information on various contraceptive methods available for men and women. Modern contraceptive methods have been in use since the introduction of the male condom in the 1600s and the cervical cap in the 1820s. Modern contraceptive techniques include sex steroid methods that affect ovulation and include oral contraceptives (OCs), injectable hormones, subdermal implants, intrauterine and intravaginal devices, and surgical sterilization. Oral contraceptive pills are the most commonly used method of reversible contraception in the United States. Non-hormonal methods of contraception include coitus interruptus, lactational amenorrhea, and Natural Family Planning (NFP), while several barrier methods such as diaphragms, sponge-type barrier contraceptives, female condom, cervical caps, and spermicides are also available. Male contraception has been primarily characterized by the use of barrier and natural family planning regimens along with vasectomy. The development of effective hormonal or antispermatogenetic regimens has been limited by reduced efficacy or profound adverse event profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPrinciples of Gender-Specific Medicine
PublisherElsevier Inc
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9780124409057
StatePublished - May 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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