We describe and analyze a model of filtration combustion, in which a gas is forced at high pressure into a porous solid matrix so that after ignition and under favourable conditions a combustion wave can propagate through the medium. We consider the case of counter flow, where the gas is forced into the reaction zone through the unreacted part of the porous solid. Relations are derived for the steady state propagation of a planar combustion wave or front in the limit of high-activation energy, from which the propagation speed, reaction temperature, and reacted mass fraction of the solid product can be found in terms of the mass flux of the injected gas, the gas pressure and mass flux on exit from the front, and other physico-chemical parameters describing the system. Two distinct modes of combustion are discussed, corresponding to the reaction being driven to completion by exhaustion of either the gaseous or the solid component, these being referred to as the gas-deficient and solid-deficient modes of burning respectively. For both homogeneous and heterogeneous forms of the reaction rate we find that there is a critical inlet mass flux for the incoming gas below which steady state solutions no longer exist and that there are parameter values for which multiple steady states occur.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics