We performed a retrospective review of 41 patients (ages 9-18 years) who underwent posterior spinal fusion with either Isola or Cotrel-Dubousset (CD) instrumentation to determine whether the presence of an apical hook on the thoracic convexity affected initial and long-term sagittal and coronal correction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery. A study group of 38 female and three male patients was evaluated (2-5 years of follow-up). Twenty-three patients (Group A) were treated with an up-going hook at the convex apex of the thoracic curve, and 18 patients (Group B) with, similar curves were instrumented without an apical hook. Results showed that Group A's average preoperative coronal curve of 48°decreased to 17°, whereas Group B's preoperative average of 52°decreased to 25°. At follow-up, no statistical significance was noted in either coronal curve correction (p 0.203) or sagittal kyphosis (p = 0.38) between Groups A and B. We conclude that omission of the up-going hook at the apex of the thoracic convexity can reduce postoperative discomfort in patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion, without sacrificing curve correction or balance.
- Apical convex hook placement
- Idiopathic scoliosis
- Posterior instrumentation
- Posterior spinal fusion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine