Modification of two distinct COOH-terminal domains is required for murine p53 activation by bacterial Hsp70

Silke Hansen, Carol A. Midgley, David P. Lane, Brian C. Freeman, Richard I. Morimoto, Ted R. Hupp*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of the latent DNA binding function of human p53 protein by the bacterial Hsp70, DnaK, represents a unique reaction in which a heat shock protein can interact with a native protein to affect its function. We have localized a likely DnaK interaction site on native human p53 tetramers to a motif flanking the COOH-terminal casein kinase II and protein kinase C phosphorylation sites. Murine p53 is less efficiently activated by DnaK, which has permitted a search for factors that might cooperate in p53 activation by DnaK. We show that optimal activation by DnaK may be dependent upon the phosphorylation state of murine p53, in particular, modification of p53 at the cdc2 phosphorylation site by point mutation decreases the extent of activation by DnaK. Additionally, the monoclonal antibody PAb241, binding in the vicinity of the cdc2 phosphorylation site, is able to activate the specific DNA binding function of p53. This has led us to propose a second regulatory motif flanking the tetramerization domain of p53 that cooperates with factors binding at the negative regulatory domain in the extreme COOH terminus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30922-30928
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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