In this investigation, a potentially novel signaling pathway in gentamicin-induced acute kidney injury-worsened by overexpression of proximal tubular enzyme, myo-inositol oxygenase (MIOX)- was elucidated. WT, MIOX-transgenic (MIOX-Tg), and MIOX-KO mice were used. Gentamicin was administered to induce tubular injury. MIOX-Tg mice had severe tubular lesions associated with increased serum creatinine and proteinuria. Lesions were relatively mild, with no rise in serum creatinine and no albuminuria in MIOX-KO mice. Transfection of HK-2 cells with MIOX-pcDNA led to increased gentamicin-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Marked increase of ROS-mediated lipid hydroperoxidation was noted in MIOX-Tg mice, as assessed by 4-HNE staining. This was associated with increased expression of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase (ALOX-12) and generation of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE). In addition, notable monocyte/macrophage influx, upregulation of NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines, and apoptosis was observed in MIOX-Tg mice. Treatment of cells with ALOX-12 siRNA abolished gentamicin-mediated induction of cytokines and 12-HETE generation. HETE-12 treatment promoted this effect, along with upregulation of various signaling kinases and activation of GPCR31. Similarly, treatment of cells or mice with the ALOX-12 inhibitor ML355 attenuated inflammatory response, kinase signaling cascade, and albuminuria. Collectively, these studies highlight a potentially novel mechanism (i.e., the ROS/ALOX-12/12- HETE/GPR31 signaling axis) relevant to gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity modulated by MIOX.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Medicine