MOF-enabled confinement and related effects for chemical catalyst presentation and utilization

Jian Liu, Timothy A. Goetjen, Qining Wang, Julia G. Knapp, Megan C. Wasson, Ying Yang, Zoha H. Syed, Massimiliano Delferro, Justin M. Notestein, Omar K. Farha, Joseph T. Hupp*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


A defining characteristic of nearly all catalytically functional MOFs is uniform, molecular-scale porosity. MOF pores, linkers and nodes that define them, help regulate reactant and product transport, catalyst siting, catalyst accessibility, catalyst stability, catalyst activity, co-catalyst proximity, composition of the chemical environment at and beyond the catalytic active site, chemical intermediate and transition-state conformations, thermodynamic affinity of molecular guests for MOF interior sites, framework charge and density of charge-compensating ions, pore hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity, pore and channel rigidity vs. flexibility, and other features and properties. Collectively and individually, these properties help define overall catalyst functional behaviour. This review focuses on how porous, catalyst-containing MOFs capitalize on molecular-scale confinement, containment, isolation, environment modulation, energy delivery, and mobility to accomplish desired chemical transformations with potentially superior selectivity or other efficacy, especially in comparison to catalysts in homogeneous solution environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1097
Number of pages53
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 7 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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