A wild‐type Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) genomic DNA library was constructed in the plasmid shuttle vector pGJB103. A virulence‐deficient lipooligosaccharide (LOS) mutant of Hib was used as a recipient for genetic transformation to screen this Hib genomic DNA library for genes involved in LOS expression. A recombinant plasmid containing a 7.8 kb Pstl fragment of Hib DNA was shown to transform this LOS mutant to reactivity with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific for a wild‐type LOS epitope. Transformation of two different virulence‐deficient LOS mutants with a 4.4kb BglII fragment of this recombinant plasmid yielded transformants which expressed LOS that bound the wild‐type LOS‐specific mAb and yielded profiles in sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis different from those of the original LOS mutants. These transformants with structurally altered LOS molecules also exhibited increased virulence in an animal model for invasive Hib disease. The virulence‐transforming ability was further localized to a 1.8kb BglII‐AlwNI fragment of the Hib DNA insert. Nucleotide sequence analysis indicated the presence of a single large open reading frame within this fragment. This open reading frame contained 19 consecutive repeats of the tetramer CAAT near the 5’end. Linker insertion mutagenesis was used to demonstrate directly the involvement of this open reading frame in both LOS biosynthesis and virulence expression by Hib.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - May 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology