Molecular dipole chains III: Energy transfer

J. J. De Jonge, M. A. Ratner*, S. W. De Leeuw, R. O. Simonis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Energy transfer in initially excited dipole chains was studied using simple one-dimensional models. Two types of chains were studied: the altitudinal dipole chain, in which all the dipoles rotate around the same axis, and the azimuthal dipole chain, in which the chain axis lies in the rotation planes of the dipoles. The analytic treatment of a pair of dipoles shows that energy transfer from dipole to dipole can only be complete for low excitations. At higher excitations, the excited dipole rotates too quickly for the second one to follow. Molecular dynamics simulations of 25-dipole chains show that energy transfer is possible in these chains. In some limiting cases, the energy transfer shows a soliton-like behavior. The altitudinal chain shows such behavior for low excitations, but for high excitations the rest of the chain cannot follow the excited dipole. In the azimuthal chain, the soliton-like behavior is more difficult to find: Both for low and high excitations the system shows no noticeable energy transfer. Only for certain excitations with intermediate energy can a soliton-like transfer be observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2666-2675
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 26 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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