Charge transport occurs in a range of biomolecular systems, whose structures have covalent and noncovalent bonds. Understanding from these systems have yet to translate into molecular junction devices. We design junctions which have hydrogen-bonds between the edges of a series of prototype noncovalent nanobelts (NCNs) and vary the number of donor-acceptors to study their electrical properties. From frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and projected density of state (DOS) calculations, we found these NCN dimer junctions to have low HOMO-LUMO gaps and states at the Fermi level, suggesting these are metallic-like systems. Their conductance properties were studied with nonequilibrium Green's functions density functional theory (NEGF-DFT) and was found to decrease with cooperative H-bonding, that is, the conductance decreased as the alternating donor-acceptors around the nanobelts attenuates to a uniform distribution in the H-bonding arrays. The latter gave the highest conductance of 51.3 × 10-6 S and the Seebeck coefficient showed n-type (-36 to -39 μV K-1) behavior, while the lower conductors with alternating H-bonds are p-type (49.7 to 204 μV K-1). In addition, the NCNs have appreciable binding energies (19.8 to 46.1 kcal mol-1), implying they could form self-assembled monolayer (SAM) heterojunctions leading to a polymeric network for long-range charge transport.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry