Momentary pain assessments reveal benefits of endoscopic discectomy: a prospective cohort study

Kenta Wakaizumi, Binbin Wu, Shishi Huang, Linyu Fan, Bangli Shen, Bo Wu, Jing Zhang, Marwan N. Baliki, A. Vania Apkarian, Lejian Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction:Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common back disorder that evokes back and/or leg pain. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a minimally invasive surgery for patients with LDH. However, there is little evidence of effectiveness of PELD compared with conservative treatments.Objective:The goal of this study was to quantify the efficacy of PELD compared with conservative treatments.Methods:Here, we conducted a prospective observational cohort study using momentary pain assessments via a smartphone app during 3 months following surgery. The trajectories of daily ecological momentary pain assessments were fitted with an exponential model containing two parameters: a pain reduction coefficient and the percentage of persistent pain. To control for selection bias between PELD and Conservative groups (N = 167 and 34), we used inverse probability (IP) of treatment weighting for statistical comparisons.Results:Compared with conservative treatments, both momentary pain rating and the exponential model showed statistically significant pain recovery following PELD (p < 0.001). In addition, PELD had a faster pain recovery rate (hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 1.75 (1.40, 2.20), p < 0.001), greater overall pain recovery rate (odds ratio (95%CI): 2.35 (2.01, 5.26), p < 0.001), faster pain reduction (t199= 3.32, p = 0.001), and lower estimated persistent pain (Z = 2.53, p = 0.011). Greater pain intensity and lower anxiety before the surgery were predictors of faster pain reduction in the recovery subgroup following PELD.Conclusions:In conclusion, momentary pain rating and the model fitting revealed that PELD provided rapid pain recovery that lasted for at least three months. Greater pain intensity and lower anxiety before the surgery were predictors of faster pain reduction in the recovery subgroup following PELD. Daily momentary pain rating on a smartphone may be able to provide more informative data to evaluate effect of an intervention than pain assessment on hospital visits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPain Reports
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 2021

Keywords

  • Exponential pain reduction model
  • Lumbar disc herniation
  • Momentary pain rating
  • Pain App
  • Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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