Monitoring in the intensive care unit

Louanne Marie Carabini*, Robert Gould

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Neurologic illness is complex and often complicated by adverse effects on the cardiopulmonary system. Studies have shown improved outcomes for patients treated in a dedicated Neurologic Intensive Care Unit (NICU) likely secondary to specialized nursing care, neurointensivist teams, and protocolized management of complex neurologic illness [1]. The common types of hemodynamic monitors within any intensive care unit (ICU) include temperature monitoring, blood pressure measurements, electrocardiography, respiratory and ventilatory parameters, as well as measurements of volume status and cardiac output [2, 3]. Neuromonitoring within the NICU is conducted with transcranial Doppler, intracranial pressure (ICP) monitors, cerebral oxygen monitors, and electroencephalograms [4]. This discussion is presented in the context of a few case descriptions to exemplify the complexities of managing patients with severe neurologic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMonitoring the Nervous System for Anesthesiologists and Other Health Care Professionals
PublisherSpringer US
Pages749-758
Number of pages10
Volume9781461403081
ISBN (Electronic)9781461403081
ISBN (Print)1461403073, 9781461403074
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Cerebral oxygenation
  • Hypotension
  • Intensive care unit
  • Monitoring
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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