Funded by the 21st Century Cures Act, The Beau Biden Cancer Moonshot Initiative is broad, deep, integrative, and intended to expediently address cancer’s most vexing problems. Launched in 2015, it is an effort to accelerate the pace of cancer research with a focus on breaking down silos through cross-pollination of research, recruitment of multidisciplinary clinical and basic science research teams, sharing of complex scientific databases, and the creation of public-private research partnerships. This audacious approach to cancer treatment is intended to alleviate the current burden of cancer within countries and across borders. At its core is the rapid development of safe drug therapies across different disciplines through the employment of genomics, targeted proteomics with predictive analytics, and other emerging drug therapies. It will use expansive patient registries and increase early access to clinical trials. The initiative is cocooned in forward-thinking drug policies that consider the specific needs of all oncology stakeholder groups both nationally and internationally.