Morphable 3D mesostructures and microelectronic devices by multistable buckling mechanics

Haoran Fu, Kewang Nan, Wubin Bai, Wen Huang, Ke Bai, Luyao Lu, Chaoqun Zhou, Yunpeng Liu, Fei Liu, Juntong Wang, Mengdi Han, Zheng Yan, Haiwen Luan, Yijie Zhang, Yutong Zhang, Jianing Zhao, Xu Cheng, Moyang Li, Jung Woo Lee, Yuan LiuDaining Fang, Xiuling Li, Yonggang Huang*, Yihui Zhang, John A. Rogers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

260 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional (3D) structures capable of reversible transformations in their geometrical layouts have important applications across a broad range of areas. Most morphable 3D systems rely on concepts inspired by origami/kirigami or techniques of 3D printing with responsive materials. The development of schemes that can simultaneously apply across a wide range of size scales and with classes of advanced materials found in state-of-the-art microsystem technologies remains challenging. Here, we introduce a set of concepts for morphable 3D mesostructures in diverse materials and fully formed planar devices spanning length scales from micrometres to millimetres. The approaches rely on elastomer platforms deformed in different time sequences to elastically alter the 3D geometries of supported mesostructures via nonlinear mechanical buckling. Over 20 examples have been experimentally and theoretically investigated, including mesostructures that can be reshaped between different geometries as well as those that can morph into three or more distinct states. An adaptive radiofrequency circuit and a concealable electromagnetic device provide examples of functionally reconfigurable microelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalNature materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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