Morphological analysis of pores in directionally freeze-cast titanium foams

J. L. Fife, J. C. Li, D. C. Dunand*, P. W. Voorhees

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Synchrotron x-ray tomography was performed on titanium foams with aligned, elongated pores, initially created by sintering directionally freeze-cast preforms using two different powder sizes. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the pore structures were analyzed morphologically using interface shape and interface normal distributions. A smaller powder size leads to more completely sintered titanium walls separating the dendritic pores, which in turn created a more compact distribution of pore shapes as well as stronger pore directionality parallel to the ice growth direction. The distribution of pore shapes is comparable to trabecular bone reported in the literature, indicating the foam's potential as a bone replacement material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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