The growth at restrictive temperature of tsO45, a group V (glycoprotein) conditional lethal mutant of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), was demonstrated to result in the production of large numbers of noninfectious viral particles. The infectivity of these tsO45 particles could be enhanced by procedures known to promote membrane fusion. Morphologically and biochemically these particles differed from wild-type VSV by their lack of viral glycoprotein. The other structural proteins of VSV were present and indistinguishable by size and relative proportion from those of virus grown at the permissive temperature. Examination of glycoprotein maturation at the restrictive temperature (39.5 degrees C) in tsO45-infected cells demonstrated the synthesis of normal viral glycoprotein but failed to demonstrate the presence of this glycoprotein in either the cell membrane or the envelope of free virions. The further absence of soluble viral glycoprotein from the supernatants of such cells strongly suggests that viral glycoprotein may not be necessary for the successful budding of VSV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science