Mortality Prediction in Patients With or Without Heart Failure Using a Machine Learning Model

Se Yong Jang, Jin Joo Park, Eric Adler, Emily Eshraghian, Faraz S. Ahmad, Claudio Campagnari, Avi Yagil, Barry Greenberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Most risk prediction models are confined to specific medical conditions, thus limiting their application to general medical populations. Objectives: The MARKER-HF (Machine learning Assessment of RisK and EaRly mortality in Heart Failure) risk model was developed in heart failure (HF) patients. We assessed the ability of MARKER-HF to predict 1-year mortality in a large community-based hospital registry database including patients with and without HF. Methods: This study included 41,749 consecutive patients who underwent echocardiography in a tertiary referral hospital (4,640 patients with and 37,109 without HF). Patients without HF were further subdivided into those with (n = 22,946) and without cardiovascular disease (n = 14,163) and also into cohorts based on recent acute coronary syndrome or history of atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or malignancy. Results: The median age of the 41,749 patients was 65 years, and 56.2% were male. The receiver operated area under the curves for MARKER-HF prediction of 1-year mortality of patients with HF was 0.729 (95% CI: 0.706-0.752) and for patients without HF was 0.770 (95% CI: 0.760-0.780). MARKER-HF prediction of mortality was consistent across subgroups with and without cardiovascular disease and in patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome, atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, or hypertension. Patients with malignancy demonstrated higher mortality at a given MARKER-HF score than did patients in the other groups. Conclusions: MARKER-HF predicts mortality for patients with HF as well as for patients suffering from a variety of diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100554
JournalJACC: Advances
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Keywords

  • MARKER-HF
  • heart failure
  • mortality
  • risk score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

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