Heterostructuring of different transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) leads to interesting band alignment and performance improvement, and thus enables new routes for the development of materials for next-generation semiconductor electronics. Herein, we introduce a new strategy for the design and synthesis of functional TMD heterostructures. The representative product, molybdenum disulfide-capped copper sulfide (CuxS@MoS2, 1.8 < x < 2.0), is typically obtained by chemical vapor deposition of cap-like MoS2 layers on CuxS nanocrystals, yielding the formation of a sharp, clean heterojunction interface. The heterostructures exhibit strong light-matter interactions over a broadband range, with interesting band alignment for separating photocarriers and mediating charge transfer. A phototransistor made from CuxS@MoS2 heterostructures shows particularly high photoresponse for near infrared light, which is enabled by the heterojunction of MoS2 with a small band gap semiconductor as well as the plasmonic enhancement from the CuxS nanocrystals. Our study paves a way for the development of new TMD heterostructures towards achieving functional electronics and optoelectronics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering