MPromDb update 2010: An integrated resource for annotation and visualization of mammalian gene promoters and ChIP-seq experimental data

Ravi Gupta, Anirban Bhattacharyya, Francisco J. Agosto-Perez, Priyankara Wickramasinghe, Ramana V. Davuluri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

MPromDb (Mammalian Promoter Database) is a curated database that strives to annotate gene promoters identified from ChIP-seq results with the goal of providing an integrated resource for mammalian transcriptional regulation and epigenetics. We analyzed 507 million uniquely aligned RNAP-II ChIP-seq reads from 26 different data sets that include six human cell-types and 10 distinct mouse cell/tissues. The updated MPromDb version consists of computationally predicted (novel) and known active RNAP-II promoters (42 893 human and 48 366 mouse promoters) from various data sets freely available at NCBI GEO database. We found that 36% and 40% of protein-coding genes have alternative promoters in human and mouse genomes and ̃40% of promoters are tissue/cell specific. The identified RNAP-II promoters were annotated using various known and novel gene models. Additionally, for novel promoters we looked into other evidences-GenBank mRNAs, spliced ESTs, CAGE promoter tags and mRNA-seq reads. Users can search the database based on gene id/symbol, or by specific tissue/cell type and filter results based on any combination of tissue/ cell specificity, Known/Novel, CpG/NonCpG, and protein-coding/non-coding gene promoters. We have also integrated GBrowse genome browser with MPromDb for visualization of ChIP-seq profiles and to display the annotations. The current release of MPromDb can be accessed at http:// bioinformatics.wistar.upenn.edu/MPromDb/.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)D92-D97
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume39
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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