MR imaging findings of the prostate gland following prostate artery embolization: results from a prospective phase 2 study

Rehan Ali, Ahmed Gabr, Samdeep K. Mouli, Joseph Ralph Kallini, Ahsun Riaz, Ronald Mora, Robert J. Lewandowski, Elias Hohlastos, David D. Casalino, Matthias D. Hofer, Nabeel Hamoui, Frank H. Miller, John Hairston, Riad Salem*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess changes in imaging and volume characteristics of the prostate gland by magnetic resonance (MR) following prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for benign prostate hyperplasia. Methods: With IRB approval, we analyzed prospectively acquired MR data of PAE patients at baseline and 6-month following treatment from 2015 to 2017. We reviewed prostate MRs looking for sequelae of embolization [changes in signal intensity and/or enhancement, infection/inflammation, infarction, edema, and change in intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP)]. We calculated the total volume (TV) and central gland volumes (CGV) using DynaCAD ® and measured change in volumes. Analyses were performed using SPSS with p < 0.05 considered significant. Results: Forty-three patients (n = 43) met our inclusion criteria. 93% (30/43) and 100% (43/43) showed a decrease in TV and CGV at 6-months respectively. At baseline, median TV was 86 cc (range 29.4–232) and median CGV was 54.4 cc (range 12.9–165.5). Median decrease in TV was 18.2% (CI 13.3–27.2) (p = 0.0001) and median decrease in CGV was 26.7% (CI 20.4–35.9) (p = 0.0001). Thirty-seven percent (16/43) of patients had IPP at baseline; 100% showed a decrease in size of median lobe at follow-up. At 6-month follow-up, 33% (14/43) showed imaging features of infarction, 79% (34/43) had decrease in T2-signal intensity, and 51% (22/43) showed a decrease in enhancement. None had edema, peri-prostatic fat changes or infection/inflammation. Conclusion: PAE causes a statistically significant reduction in the TV and CGV. There is also a reduction of the degree of IPP. Non-specific findings of infarction, decrease in T2-signal, and enhancement were also seen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-722
Number of pages10
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019


  • MRI prostate
  • Prospective data
  • Prostate artery embolization
  • Volumetric assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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