MRI in Pediatric Patients Undergoing DBS

Han Yan, Elysa Widjaja, Carolina Gorodetsky, George M. Ibrahim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Pediatric deep brain stimulation (DBS) is offered at only a few institutions. It is critical to understand the nuances and special considerations regarding neuroimaging for children and adolescents undergoing these procedures. This chapter will provide an overview of the growing indications for pediatric DBS, such as dystonia, epilepsy, and potentially psychiatric or developmental illness. This is followed by an important discussion surrounding considerations of neuroimaging for pediatric populations. Suggestions are provided to optimize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisition and functional MRI paradigms. A brief summary of neuroimaging and the developing brain demonstrates the need for age-specific atlases and templates. The importance of neuroimaging is highlighted in the DBS decision-making process. Last, DBS targeting techniques particular to pediatric and adolescent cohorts are specified. This chapter concludes with a review of ethical considerations in providing DBS for children as well as posing bioethical questions specific to neuroimaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMagnetic Resonance Imaging in Deep Brain Stimulation
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783031163487
ISBN (Print)9783031163470
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Acquisition
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Clinical decision-making
  • Pediatric
  • Targeting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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