Multi-scale mechanical and fracture characteristics and early-age strain capacity of high performance carbon nanotube/cement nanocomposites

Maria S. Konsta-Gdoutos*, Zoi S. Metaxa, Surendra P. Shah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

368 Scopus citations

Abstract

Due to their exceptional mechanical properties, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered to be one of the most promising reinforcing materials for the next generation of high-performance nanocomposites. In this study, the reinforcing effect of highly dispersed multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in cement paste matrix has been investigated. The MWCNTs were effectively dispersed in the mixing water by using a simple, one step method utilizing ultrasonic energy and a commercially available surfactant. A detailed study on the effects of MWCNTs concentration and aspect ratio was conducted. The excellent reinforcing capabilities of the MWCNTs are demonstrated by the enhanced fracture resistance properties of the cementitious matrix. Additionally, nanoindentation results suggest that the use of MWCNTs can increase the amount of high stiffness C-S-H and decrease the porosity. Besides the benefits of the reinforcing effect, autogenous shrinkage test results indicate that MWCNTs can also have a beneficial effect on the early strain capacity of the cementitious matrix, improving this way the early age and long term durability of the cementitious nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • Autogenous shrinkage
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nano-fiber reinforcement
  • Nanoindentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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