Multidrug resistance gene expression in childhood medulloblastoma: Correlation with clinical outcome and DNA ploidy in 29 patients

Pauline M. Chon, Miguel Reyes-Mugica, Nora Barquin, Takasumi Yasuda, Xiaodi Tan, Tadanori Tomita*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-nine children treated for medulloblastoma between 1987 and 1991 were reviewed. Thirteen patients with highrisk medulloblastoma characterized by incomplete resection, diploid tumor or subarachnoid dissemination received chemotherapy following radiation therapy. Three received postoperative chemotherapy. Eight patients who had been treated with postoperative radiation therapy also received chemotherapy for recurrent tumors. After a minimum 3-year follow-up period, 16 were alive but 13 had died from recur-rent tumors. In order to evaluate the possible participation of P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in medulloblastoma therapy and its correlation with prognosis, archival specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry utilizing 3 monoclonal antibodies against Pgp and 6 cases by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using MDRl-specific primers. Sixteen patients (55%) had MDR expression detected either by 1 of the 3 antibodies or by RT-PCR. DNA ploidy study was also performed on 18 specimens. We correlated patients’ outcome with variable factors (extent of surgical resection, chemotherapy, DNA ploidy) and MDR expression. Patients who were treated with radiation therapy and adjuvant chemotherapy had a significantly better (p = 0.036) survival than those with radiation therapy alone, despite the fact that the former group of patients was considered to be highrisk. The extent of surgical resection and DNA ploidy did not correlate with prognosis. However, a statistically significant association was found between MDR expression and outcome (p = 0.007). Among the patients who received chemotherapy, positive MDR expression significantly correlated with poor outcome (p = 0.036). Our results showed that Pgpmediated intrinsic MDR in medulloblastomas seems to correlate with an adverse outcome. This information may be used in designing new therapeutic protocols for medulloblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-290
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric neurosurgery
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • Chemotherapy
  • DNA ploidv
  • Immunohistology
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Multidrug resistance
  • P-glycoprotein
  • Reverse-transcriptase PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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