Multilayer on-chip stacked Fresnel zone plates: Hard x-ray fabrication and soft x-ray simulations

Kenan Li, Michael J. Wojcik, Leonidas E. Ocola, Ralu Divan, Chris Jacobsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Fresnel zone plates are widely used as x-ray nanofocusing optics. To achieve high spatial resolution combined with good focusing efficiency, high aspect ratio nanolithography is required, and one way to achieve that is through multiple e-beam lithography writing steps to achieve on-chip stacking. A two-step writing process producing 50 nm finest zone width at a zone thickness of 1.14 μm for possible hard x-ray applications is shown here. The authors also consider in simulations the case of soft x-ray focusing where the zone thickness might exceed the depth of focus. In this case, the authors compare on-chip stacking with, and without, adjustment of zone positions and show that the offset zones lead to improved focusing efficiency. The simulations were carried out using a multislice propagation method employing Hankel transforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number06FD04
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Nanotechnology and Microelectronics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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