Multimodal imaging of refractory Candida chorioretinitis progressing to endogenous endophthalmitis

Jeremy Arlin Lavine, Mihai Mititelu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Background: Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis is a serious vision-threatening condition that occurs in immunosuppressed patients with candidemia. Findings: We report a complicated case of Candida albicans chorioretinitis that progressed to endophthalmitis. The patient required intravitreal and systemic anti-fungal medications with pars plana vitrectomy for successful treatment. Multimodal imaging using fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and fundus autofluorescence was obtained throughout treatment. These modalities localized the Candida infection in the choroid, penetrating Bruch’s membrane, the retinal pigment epithelium, and the retina to enter the vitreous cavity. This infectious route resulted in loss of the retinal pigment epithelium, photoreceptors, and outer retinal layers, with scar formation that resulted in vision loss and increased future risk of choroidal neovascular membranes. Conclusions: Multimodal imaging of C. albicans chorioretinitis allows for accurate diagnosis, assessment of response to therapy, and prognosis for visual recovery and future complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 8 2015


  • Candida albicans
  • Chorioretinitis
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Fluorescein angiography
  • Fundus autofluorescence
  • Optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Ophthalmology


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