Multimodal learning analytics’ past, present, and, potential futures

Marcelo Worsley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The first workshop on Multimodal Learning Analytics took place in 2012 at the International Conference of Multimodal Interaction in Santa Monica, California. Since then researchers have been organizing annual workshops, tutorials, webinars, conferences and data challenges. This paper examines the body of research that has emerged from these workshops, as well as in other published proceedings and journals. Within this review, a distinction is drawn between empirical and position/review/dataset papers, and looks at their rate of publication over the past several years. Additionally, key characteristics of empirical papers as well as current trends from non-empirical papers provide key insights from which to reflect on the progress of MMLA to date, and identify potential future opportunities. Specifically this review suggests that greater attention should be paid to using deep learning, developing simpler data collection tools, and finding ways to use MMLA to support accessibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCEUR Workshop Proceedings
StatePublished - 2018
Event2nd Multimodal Learning Analytics Across (Physical and Digital) Spaces, CrossMMLA 2018 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: Mar 6 2018 → …


  • Accessibility
  • Data mining
  • Machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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