Multiple comparisons in model I one-way ANOVA with unequal variances

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Abstract

A fixed effects one-way layout model of analysis of variance is considered where the variances are taken to be possibly unequal. Conservative single-stage procedures based on Banerjee’s method for the solution of the Behrens-Fisher problem are proposed for the following multiple comparisons problems: 1) all pairwise comparisons with a control population mean, and 2) all pairwise comparisons and all linear contrasts among the means. Since these procedures are likely to be very conservative in practice, approximate procedures based on Welch’s method for the solution of the Behrens-Fisher problem are suggested as alternatives. Monte Carlo studies indicate that the latter are much less conservative and hence may be better in practice. Both these sets of procedures need only the tables of the Student’s t-distribution for their application and are very simple to use. Exact two-stage procedures are proposed for the following multiple comparisons problems: 1) all pairwise comparisons and all linear contrasts among the means, and 2) all linear combinations of the means.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-32
JournalCommunications in Statistics - Theory and Methods
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977

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