Multiple importance sampling for first- and second-order polarization-mode dispersion

Sarah L. Fogal*, Gino Biondini, William L. Kath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


A simulation method that targets all possible combinations of first- and second-order polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) is described. Use of this method in importance-sampled Monte Carlo simulations yields a more comprehensive determination of PMD-induced system penalties than first-order biasing alone and significantly speeds up the calculation of outage probabilities, particularly when PMD compensation is employed. The technique is demonstrated by using it to calculate the probability distribution function (pdf) of second-order PMD and the joint pdf of the magnatude of first- and second-order PMD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1273-1275
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2002


  • Importance sampling
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Optical fiber communications
  • Polarization-mode dispersion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multiple importance sampling for first- and second-order polarization-mode dispersion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this