The electrophysiologic studies of three patients with accessory pathways and multiple reentrant circuits are reported. The first patient had two atrioventricular accessory pathways: a left posterior capable of bidirectional conduction and a right paraseptal with retrograde conduction only. Four atrioventricular reentry circuits were documented: left and right orthodromic circuits and a left antidromic circuit with retrograde conduction over the right paraseptal accessory pathway. The second patient had a left lateral atrioventricular accessory pathway with type A preexcitation. Two reentrant tachycardias were noted: an atrial tachycardia where the accessory pathway remained concealed and an orthodromic atrioventricular tachycardia. The third patient had dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and a right nodofascicular accessory pathway. The accessory pathway became manifest only when a critical atrioventricular delay was reached, indicating its association with the slow atrioventricular nodal pathway. Wide QRS tachycardia with left bundle branch block contour was documented, by means of the slow atrioventricular nodal pathway and nodofascicular fiber antegradely, and the proximal right bundle branch, the His bundle, and the fast atrioventricular nodal pathway retrogradely.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine