Multiscale 3D genome organization underlies ILC2 ontogenesis and allergic airway inflammation

Michaël F. Michieletto, John J. Tello-Cajiao, Walter K. Mowel, Aditi Chandra, Sora Yoon, Leonel Joannas, Megan L. Clark, Monica T. Jimenez, Jasmine M. Wright, Patrick Lundgren, Adam Williams, Christoph A. Thaiss, Golnaz Vahedi*, Jorge Henao-Mejia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are well-characterized immune cells that play key roles in host defense and tissue homeostasis. Yet, how the three-dimensional (3D) genome organization underlies the development and functions of ILCs is unknown. Herein, we carried out an integrative analysis of the 3D genome structure, chromatin accessibility and gene expression in mature ILCs. Our results revealed that the local 3D configuration of the genome is rewired specifically at loci associated with ILC biology to promote their development and functional differentiation. Importantly, we demonstrated that the ontogenesis of ILC2s and the progression of allergic airway inflammation are determined by a unique local 3D configuration of the region containing the ILC-lineage-defining factor Id2, which is characterized by multiple interactions between the Id2 promoter and distal regulatory elements bound by the transcription factors GATA-3 and RORα, unveiling the mechanism whereby the Id2 expression is specifically controlled in group 2 ILCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-54
Number of pages13
JournalNature Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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