Multiscale modeling of elasticity and fracture in organic nanotubes

Luis Ruiz, Sinan Keten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclic peptide nanotubes (CPNs) have unique chemical and mechanical features that squarely position them to tackle persistent challenges in sensor technologies, tissue scaffolds, templates for organic and hybrid electronics, and ultrasmall electromechanical systems. These self-assembled hierarchical nanostructures are highly organized at the nanoscale and feature exceptional thermodynamical stability arising from the collective action of secondary interactions, in particular intersubunit hydrogen-bond networks. Understanding the elasticity and fracture behavior of CPNs through a multiscale analysis is crucially important for developing science-based approaches for designing the molecular subunits and hierarchical assemblies of these materials. In pursuit of addressing this need, a methodology is proposed for linking atomistic simulation results into coarser descriptions of these self-assembling soft nanostructures. This approach involves estimation of the free-energy landscape of the system along the deformation reaction coordinate from atomistic simulation trajectories using nonequilibrium statistical thermodynamics formulations, which enables bridging scales through mapping to coarse-grain or continuum descriptions. In this study, a basic multiscale approach was demonstrated for investigating the mechanics of CPNs, mapping out the elastic range of intersubunit interactions along with the large deformation and fracture regimes. This work illustrates the potential of atomistically informed methods for predicting elastic as well as large deformation behavior of high-aspect-ratio self-assembling nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-442
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Volume140
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Fracture
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Multiscale modeling
  • Nanotube
  • Protein
  • Self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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