We describe an approach to calculating the optical performance of a wide range of nanofocusing X-ray optics using multislice scalar wave propagation with a complex X-ray refractive index. This approach produces results indistinguishable from methods such as coupled wave theory, and it allows one to reproduce other X-ray optical phenomena such as grazing incidence reflectivity where the direction of energy flow is changed significantly. Just as finite element analysis methods allow engineers to compute the thermal and mechanical responses of arbitrary structures too complex to model by analytical approaches, multislice propagation can be used to understand the properties of the real-world optics of finite extent and with local imperfections, allowing one to better understand the limits to nanoscale X-ray imaging.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics