Muscle Behavior May Solve Motor Coordination Problems

Neville Hogan*, Ferdinando A. Mussa-lvaldi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Like many biologic systems, one of the differentiating features of the head and neck is its mechanical intricacy. The head-neck system includes approximately thirty muscles; each spans multiple joints, and each joint has multiple degrees of freedom. The sensory system includes several radically different types of sensory organs. At first, this intricacy may seem tough, yet it must be confronted squarely if a deep comprehension of sensorymotor coordination is to be made. One aspect of sensory-motor coordination that is epitomized by the head-neck system is the general problem of coordinate transformations. The root of the problem is that several parts of the process of doing an action in response to sensory stimuli are each largely described in their own terms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199847198
ISBN (Print)9780195068207
StatePublished - Mar 22 2012


  • Coordinate transformations
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Head-neck system
  • Motor coordination
  • Sensory system
  • Stimuli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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