Traditional views of muscle receptor action have emphasized their role as transducers providing information that is used to generate error signals implicated in the closed-loop regulation of muscle contraction. The limitations arising from this approach are discussed, particularly the adverse effects of relatively long loop delays. It is argued that, in actuality, compensation for many nonlinear and adverse characteristics of muscle appears to be provided predictively. The role of the muscle spindle as a model-reference controller is described and possible roles of fusimotor innervation are considered.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1986|
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