Mutant forms of mouse placental lactogen-II (PL-II) have been generated to assess the role of specific amino acid residues and protein regions in binding to the PRL receptor and in mitogenic activity. Conversion of any of three lactogen-specific residues significantly reduced both of these hormone functions; mutation of the two other lactogen-specific amino acids revealed only minimal effects unless these changes were coupled with a second mutation. Deletions within the PL-II protein all resulted in a complete loss of function, but switching regions between PL-II and proliferin, another member of the prolactin family in the mouse, did yield a chimeric protein with some PRL-like activity. This activity was increased substantially by conversion of one amino acid residue in the proliferin region to the corresponding lactogen-specific residue. The locations of the amino acids that have been found to affect hormone function are predicted to be closely apposed in the folded protein, suggesting that this region may be the site of interaction of this lactogenic hormone with the PRL receptor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology