Mutations in proteasome subunit β type 8 cause chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature with evidence of genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity

Yin Liu, Yuval Ramot, Antonio Torrelo, Amy S. Paller, Nuo Si, Sofia Babay, Peter W. Kim, Afzal Sheikh, Chyi Chia Richard Lee, Yongqing Chen, Angel Vera, Xue Zhang, Raphaela Goldbach-Mansky*, Abraham Zlotogorski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

234 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature (CANDLE syndrome) is an autoinflammatory syndrome recently described in children. We undertook this study to investigate the clinical phenotype, genetic cause, and immune dysregulation in 9 CANDLE syndrome patients. Methods Genomic DNA from all patients was screened for mutations in PSMB8 (proteasome subunit β type 8). Cytokine levels were measured in sera from 3 patients. Skin biopsy samples were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and blood microarray profile and STAT-1 phosphorylation were assessed in 4 patients and 3 patients, respectively. Results One patient was homozygous for a novel nonsense mutation in PSMB8 (c.405C>A), suggesting a protein truncation; 4 patients were homozygous and 2 were heterozygous for a previously reported missense mutation (c.224C>T); and 1 patient showed no mutation. None of these sequence changes was observed in chromosomes from 750 healthy controls. Of the 4 patients with the same mutation, only 2 shared the same haplotype, indicating a mutational hot spot. PSMB8 mutation-positive and -negative patients expressed high levels of interferon-γ (IFNγ)-inducible protein 10. Levels of monocyte chemotactic protein 1, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1 receptor antagonist were moderately elevated. Microarray profiles and monocyte STAT-1 activation suggested a unique IFN signaling signature, unlike in other autoinflammatory disorders. Conclusion CANDLE syndrome is caused by mutations in PSMB8, a gene recently reported to cause "JMP" syndrome (joint contractures, muscle atrophy, microcytic anemia, and panniculitis-induced childhood-onset lipodystrophy) in adults. We extend the clinical and pathogenic description of this novel autoinflammatory syndrome, thereby expanding the clinical and genetic disease spectrum of PSMB8-associated disorders. IFN may be a key mediator of the inflammatory response and may present a therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)895-907
Number of pages13
JournalArthritis and rheumatism
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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