Spontaneous and induced mutations of neuronal Na+ channels in human patients and mutant mice result in a broad range of neurological disease. Epilepsy, a disorder of neuronal hyperexcitability, has been associated with delayed inactivation of SCN2A in mice, and with altered kinetics of SCN1A in human patients. Movement disorders including tremor, ataxia, dystonia and paralysis have been observed in mice with mutations of SCN8A. Electrophysiological recordings from neurons isolated from mice with mutations in individual channels reveal the contributions of each channel to in vivo firing patterns. In addition to monogenic disease, Na+ channel mutations are likely to contribute to polygenic disease susceptibility and to normal variation in neuronal function. Advances in molecular methods coupled with genomic sequences from the Human Genome Project will permit identification of many new patient mutations and generation of animal models to dissect their physiological and cellular consequences.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Novartis Foundation Symposium|
|State||Published - 2002|
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