MYH9 promotes growth and metastasis via activation of MAPK/AKT signaling in colorectal cancer

Bin Wang, Xiaolong Qi, Jian Liu, Rui Zhou, Chuang Lin, Junjie Shangguan, Zhuoli Zhang, Liang Zhao*, Guoxin Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The contractile protein MYH9 (non-muscle myosin IIA) is an actin-binding protein that plays a fundamental role in cell adhesion, migration, and division. However, its distinct role in colorectal cancer (CRC) still remains unidentified. In this study, we detected significant MYH9 overexpression in CRC samples compared with paired normal tissues using western blotting and tissue microarray immunohistochemistry (IHC). Moreover, analysis of patient clinical information demonstrated that MYH9 overexpression was strongly correlated with lymph node metastasis and poor overall survival. Endogenous overexpression of MYH9 enhanced the ability of cell proliferation and migration in vitro, and accelerated CRC growth in mouse models. Silencing of MYH9 revealed repressive effects on CRC cells in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, primary biomechanics that involved MAPK/AKT signaling mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was uncovered underlying MYH9 dependent cell behaviors. Collectively, our data showed that MYH9 significantly promoted tumorigenesis by regulating MAPK/AKT signaling, and was remarkably correlated with poor prognosis in CRC. MYH9 may thus be a novel biomarker and drug target in the diagnosis and treatment of CRC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)874-884
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • CRC
  • Cancer Metastasis
  • EMT
  • MYH9
  • Tumor Biomarker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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