Contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI (ceMRI) and TIMI myocardial perfusion grade analysis (TMPG) are proven methods for visualization of microinfarction and assessment of microvascular perfusion, respectively. To determine whether microvascular obstruction accounts for procedure-related myonecrosis, 14 poststent patients, 9 with procedural CK-MB elevation and 5 controls, underwent ceMRI and TMPG. All had TIMI 3 flow pre- and poststent. TMPG was normal in 12/ 14 pre- and 7/14 poststent. Those with poststent decline in TMPG had higher CK-MB (median, 41.0 vs. 7.4 ng/mL; P = 0.01) and larger infarct mass (median, 3.1 vs. 0.89 g; P = 0.04). More extensive myonecrosis (CK-MB > 3 × normal; infarct mass > 3 g) was observed more frequently if there was a poststent decline in TM PG (3/3, 100%, vs. 2/11, 18.2%; P = 0.03). These data support the theory that distal embolization and microvascular obstruction are associated with myonecrosis following otherwise successful coronary stent placement and provide further insight into its pathophysiology.
- Coronary angioplasty
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine