N-benzyl-3-sulfonamidopyrrolidines are a new class of bacterial DNA gyrase inhibitors

Marie H. Foss, Katherine A. Hurley, Nohemy A. Sorto, Laura L. Lackner, Kelsey M. Thornton, Jared T. Shaw, Douglas B. Weibel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper characterizes N-benzyl-3-sulfonamidopyrrolidines (gyramides) as DNA gyrase inhibitors. Gyramide A was previously shown to exhibit antimicrobial activity, which suggested it inhibited bacterial cell division. In this study, we conducted target identification studies and identified DNA gyrase as the primary target of gyramide A. The gyramide A resistance-determining region in DNA gyrase is adjacent to the DNA cleavage gate and is a new site for inhibitor design. We studied the antibiotic effects of gyramides A-C in combination with the Gram-negative efflux pump inhibitor MC-207,110 (60 μM). The gyramides had a minimum inhibitory concentration of 2.5-160 μM against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae; the compounds were ineffective against Enterococcus faecalis. The IC50 of gyramides A-C against E. coli DNA gyrase was 0.7-3.3 μM. The N-benzyl-3-sulfonamidopyrrolidines described in this manuscript represent a starting point for development of antibiotics that bind a new site in DNA gyrase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-292
Number of pages4
JournalACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 2011

Keywords

  • 534F6
  • DNA gyrase
  • antibiotics
  • gyramides
  • inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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